Annals of Health Law
MAKING A POSITIVE IMPACT
so as to help guide Member States and other partners in fulfilling the
overarching objectives set out in the Resolution.90 The Moscow Declaration
proposed a results management framework in five areas or “pillars”:
1. Strengthen road safety management capacity;
2. Improve the safety of infrastructure (“Safer Roads and Safer
3. Improve the safety of vehicles (“Safer Vehicles”);
4. Improve the safety behaviour of road users (“Safer Road Users”);
5. Improve post crash care.91
Purposely broad, the U.N. Resolution A/64/255 text contains no firm
commitments or specific targets around these pillars; the language is, without
a doubt, aspirational. In this respect, the text and framing are analogous to
that often found in framework conventions. Each pillar is underpinned by
multiple activities, each of which is reinforced by, for example, actions that
span education, research, infrastructure investment, data collection,
monitoring, and/or development of stronger regulatory and/or enforcement
Since the ratification of the Moscow Declaration and U.N. Resolution
A/64/255, there has been concerted political action in U.N. Member States,
starting with in-country launch events of the Decade of Action, events
through regional U.N. Economic Commission structures, and significant
media coverage.93 Two key activities have been the formalization of the
WHO’s Global Plan for the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-202094
(“Global Plan of Action”) and mapping the road safety landscape within the
Member States through data collection activities and needs assessments.95 A
number of “template” projects have been initiated in ten countries, known as
RS-10, which serve to “support the governments . . . to implement good
90. G. A. Res. 64/225, U.N. GAOR, 64th Sess., U.N. Doc. A/64/225, at Art. 4 (May 10
91. See WHO, supra note 89, at 3-4.
92. ROAD SAFETY FUND, DECADE OF ACTION FOR ROAD SAFETY 2011-2020 (2011),
available at http://www.roadsafetyfund.org/Documents/road_safety_fund_prospectus_lr.pdf.
93. See U.N. Secretary-General, Improving Global Road Safety, U.N. Doc. A/66/389
(Sept. 30, 2011).
94. See WHO GLOBAL PLAN OF ACTION, supra note 3.
95. This follows the first Global Status Report on Road Safety (2009), where 2007 data
was collected; in March 2012 the second biennial Road Safety Status Report was released,
using 2010 as the base fatality year against which the indicators of the will be assessed.