Annals of Health Law
MAKING A POSITIVE IMPACT
practices in road safety in line with their national road safety strategies.”96
These programs are focused on the increased use of motorcycle helmets, seat
belts and child restraints, drunk-driving prevention programs,
implementation of speed management controls, and strengthened trauma care
and data systems. One of the reported challenges in delivering road safety
interventions proven to being effective is the translation to middle- and low-income countries.97 It is thus anticipated that once the RS-10 research is
complete, the lessons learned can be applied to other low- and middle-income
The Global Plan of Action is intended to act “as a guiding document [that
will facilitate] coordinated and concerted global action towards the
achievement of the goals and objectives” of the Decade,98 serve as a tool to
support the development of national plans, and harmonize global activities.
The Global Plan of Action is structured by the five pillars nominated in the
Moscow Declaration (as set out above) and lists specific evidence-based
actions within each pillar.99 Central to the plan is the strengthening of
institutional structures within each country, as well as regional and global
cooperation and monitoring of progress.100 The development of national road
safety strategy plans with accountabilities through government agencies
supported by adequate funding is, therefore, the foundation for action.
The Global Plan of Action has a strong emphasis on strengthening existing
laws and regulations—encouraging compliance with and enforcement of
such laws—and implementing legislative measures where they might not
exist.101Within Pillar 4, Safe Road Users, outcome indicators include, for
example, the number of countries with:
1. a blood alcohol limit of < 0.05g/dl;
2. a comprehensive helmet wearing law; and
3. a comprehensive seat belt law and/or a child restraint law. 102
Compliance with other supra-national regulations, particularly in the vehicle
safety domain, is a key indicator under Pillar 3 ( i.e., Safer Vehicles), while
96. The RS-10 project is being coordinated by the WHO with the financial support of
Bloomberg Philanthropies. Countries involved are: Brazil, Cambodia, China, Egypt, India,
Kenya, Mexico, the Russian Federation, Turkey and Vietnam; see Margie Peden, Road Safety
in 10 Countries, 16 INJ. PREVENTION 433, 433 (2010).
97. See id.
98. WHO GLOBAL PLAN OF ACTION, supra note 3, at 3.
99. Id. at 11-23.
100. Id. at 10.
101. Id. at 9.