Annals of Health Law
MAKING A POSITIVE IMPACT
A. Objectives and Principles
As outlined by Bodansky,132 the objectives (or mission) and principles
guide the development of a convention and its overarching purpose, while
providing the foundation for normative consensus among the parties in
relation to guiding standards. U.N. Resolution A/64/255 provides the basis
of the objective of the proposed convention as follows:
“Recognizing the tremendous global burden of mortality resulting from
road traffic crashes, . . .
Noting that this major public health problem has a broad range of social
and economic consequences which, if unaddressed, may affect the
sustainable development of countries and hinder progress towards the
Millennium Development Goals . . .133
Drawing upon the wording of U.N. Resolution A/64/255 and Article 3 of
the FCTC134, this statement is re-conceptualized for the proposed FCRS as
The objective of this Convention and its protocols is to protect present and
future generations from the devastating health, social, and economic
consequences of road trauma by providing a framework for strengthening
road safety measures to be implemented by the Parties at the national,
regional and international levels.
The guiding principles of the FCRS may then be broadly drawn from U.N.
Resolution A/64/255 and Article 4 of the FCTC135:
Establishing fair and just terms for international cooperation, particularly
transfer of technology, knowledge and financial assistance and provision
of related expertise, to establish and implement effective and
comprehensive educational, governance, infrastructure and management
road safety programs, taking into consideration local culture, as well as
social, economic, political and legal factors, is an important part of the
Such text recognizes the need for broad and flexible principles rather than
134. See id.; see WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, supra note 121.
135. See G. A. Res. 64/255, U.N. GAOR, 64th Sess., U.N. Doc. A/RES/64/255, at 1 (May
10, 2010); see WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, supra note 121, at art. 4.
G. A. Res. 64/255, U.N. GAOR, 64th Sess., U.N. Doc. A/RES/64/255, at 1 (May 10,