and those at risk may best insulate the public from these potential harms. The authors further argue that
such communication is strengthened when supported by law and grounded in public policy, providing
examples of the adoption of community involvement via state and local policy and legislative efforts.
The fourth article, Making a Positive Impact: Striking a Balance Between Legislative Reach and
Road Safety, highlights the problem of death and injury from road traffic crashes globally, especially in
developing countries. Global momentum for curbing traffic death and injury culminated in the World
Health Organization (“WHO”) declaring 2011-2020 to be the Decade of Action for Road Safety, as well
as the identification of legislative instruments as a key mechanism for reducing these harms. Authors
Diana M. Bowman, Assistant Professor, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Michael P.
Fitzharris, Senior Research Fellow, Accident Research Centre, Monash University (Australia), and Ray
Bingham, Research Professor, University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute and School of
Public Health, propose a global framework convention under the WHO’s treaty-making powers that
balances civil liberties and public safety to reduce death and injury due to road traffic crashes after 2020.
Rachel L. Hulkower, J. D., and Leslie E. Wolf, J. D., M.P.H., Professor of Law, at Georgia State
University’s College of Law, jointly penned their piece, Federal Funds for Syringe Exchange Programs:
A Necessary Component Toward Achieving an AIDS-Free Generation. They describe how the federal
government has declared the goal of an AIDS-free generation a “policy imperative” yet still bans the use
of federal funds for needle and syringe exchange programs (“SEPs”), thereby also discouraging state and
local support for such programs. SEPs are known to significantly reduce the spread of HIV/AIDS among
injecting drug users. The authors argue that express funding for SEPs would supply stable financing and
serve as an endorsement of such programs to the states, encouraging further support of SEPs through
alterations in drug paraphernalia laws that currently inhibit SEPs.
John O. Spengler, Professor, College of Health and Human Performance, University of Florida,
Natasha Frost, Staff Attorney, Public Health Law Center, William Mitchell College of Law, Daniel P.
Connaughton, Professor, College of Health and Human Performance, University of Florida, and J. David
Prince, Professor of Law, William Mitchell College of Law, discusses the need for schools to share
recreational facilities with the outside community to help address rising rates of communal obesity. In
their article, Clarifying Liability for After-Hours Community Use of School Recreational Facilities, the
authors advocate adoption of state legislative instruments to address potential liability issues that may
otherwise discourage schools from sharing these facilities. They also provide policy guidance in the form
of sample legislation developed by the American Heart Association and the Public Health Law Center to
reduce barriers to shared use.
Finally, in Local Governments and the Food System: Innovative Approaches to Public Health
Law and Policy, Lainie Rutkow, Assistant Professor and Assistant Director, Center for Law and the
Public’s Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Jennifer L. Pomeranz, Director of
Legal Initiatives, Rudd Center for Food Policy & Obesity, Yale University, and Sarah O. Rodman, Pre-Doctoral Fellow, Center for a Livable Future, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, discuss
the role of the law in creating a healthier, more sustainable food system. Local governments can serve as
policy innovators whose advances can influence national policy. Understanding local governments’
challenges and successes in regulating food systems is critical to realizing improvements nationally. The
authors examine two primary types of legal challenges to local regulations, specifically First Amendment
commercial speech and federal preemption challenges, and then strategize how local governments can
address these challenges to advance underlying public health objectives.
We would like to thank Ashley Leonard, the Annals of Health Law Editor-in-Chief, Brian
Troutman and Donna Miller, the Annals of Health Law Technical Production Editors, the student editors
at Loyola University Chicago School of Law and the Sandra Day O’Connor College of Law, Arizona
State University, and Kristin Corrigan, Program Coordinator, Beazley Institute for Health Law and