requiring the abuser to give up all firearms to the police for the length of the
order; and requiring the abuser to pay filing fees or court costs.
58 If an offender violates the terms of the order, he or she may be subject to criminal
penalties in the form of fines and/or imprisonment.
Presently, a general lack of consistent and satisfactory education and
training of the individuals working within the legal system minimizes their
ability to ensure a victim’s safety throughout the legal process. While other
states statutorily mandate or encourage mandatory domestic violence training for judges, Maryland does not.
Although domestic violence training is not mandated for Maryland judges and other courtroom staff, law enforcement is mandated to give a victim
in a domestic violence situation written notice of available victim services,
including the telephone number of a local domestic violence program that
receives funding from the Governor’s Office of Crime Control and Prevention.
61 Additionally, each of Maryland’s twenty-two State Police barracks
has a specially trained domestic violence investigation coordinator on site.
These coordinators review each incident reported at the barracks that involves or may relate to domestic violence, conduct follow up interviews
with the victim, assist in obtaining a protective or peace order, and may also
help the victim create a plan to prevent further abuse in the future.
State Trooper has also received entry level domestic violence training that
is focused on helping the victim and its family during the initial act of violence.
Coordination between law enforcement and other agencies can be improved by fully implementing Maryland Network Against Domestic Violence’s Lethality Assessment Program (LAP), a model that has already been
successful in reducing domestic violence and homicides in thirty-two
58. Id. §§ 4-505(a)( 2), 4-506(d).
59. Id. § 4-508.
60. See Nat’l Council of Juv. & Fam. Ct. Judges, Mandatory Domestic Violence Training for Judges (last updated Dec. 20, 2013), http://www.ncjfcj.org/sites/default/files/chart-mandatory-dv-training-for-judges.pdf (indicating that many states require domestic violence
training for judges or have statutory language that on some level provides domestic violence
education for judges; Maryland is absent from this list, indicating that they have no such requirement or statutory language).
61. MD. CODE ANN., FAM. LAW § 4-503(a)( 1). For a listing of domestic violence services providers in Maryland, see Md. Courts, Domestic Violence Legal Service Providers in
Md. (May 29, 2013), http://www.courts.state.md.us/legalhelp/pdfs/dvlegalservice
62. Press Release, Dep’t of Md. State Police, Domestic Violence Coordinators Assigned at State Police Barracks (Jan. 23, 2013), https://www.mdsp.org/News/