the type of partnership that is envisaged is one that is centrally rooted in
human rights. This rootedness is clearly evident in an admonition by the
Millennium Development Project (a task force charged with research and
providing necessary technical expertise for the implementation of the MDGs)
to countries interested in meeting their MDGs obligations:114 to make
references to the human rights obligations they assumed under international
treaties in their MDGs-based poverty reduction strategy, “[a]cknowledging
that human rights (economic, social, and cultural rights) already encompass
many of the Goals, such as those for poverty, hunger, education, health, and
the environment.”115 The Task Force describes the MDGs as “basic human
rights—the rights of each person on the planet to health, education, shelter,
and security as pledged in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and
the UN Millennium Declaration.”116 This description is consistent with a
pronouncement by the UNDP in 2000, that human development initiatives
(such as the Millennium Declaration and the MDGs)117 are essential for
actualizing human rights, just as human rights are indispensable to human
The second point worthy of note is readily discernible from a declaration
by the Millennium Development Project. In enumerating areas of congruence
between the MDGs and human rights (such as poverty, health, and so
forth),119 the Task Force highlights a key dimension of human rights—
indivisibility, interdependence and interrelatedness of all human rights.120
The message of this paradigm is that the attainment of one genre of human
rights is dependent on the extent to which others have been or are being
realized.121 Conversely, the neglect of, or failure to address, one genre of
DEVELOPMENT GOALS: DEFINITIONS, RATIONALE, CONCEPTS AND SOURCES 1, 4 (2003),
available at http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/Resources/Attach/Indicators/HandbookEnglish.pdf
114. JEFFREY D. SACHS, U.N. MILLENNIUM PROJECT, INVESTING IN DEVELOPMENT: A
PRACTICAL PLAN TO ACHIEVE THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS 118 (2005), available
at http://www.unmillenniumproject.org/documents/MainReportComplete-lowres.pdf (“The
UN Millennium Project is an independent advisory body commissioned by the UN Secretary-General to propose the best strategies for meeting the Millennium Development Goals
115. Id. at 119.
116. Id. at 1.
117. See U.N., supra note 52.
118. SACHS, supra note 114, at 2.
119. Id. at 119.
120. World Conference on Human Rights, June 14-25, 1993, Vienna Declaration and
Programme of Action, ¶ 5, U.N. Doc. A/CONF/157/23 (July 12, 1993) [hereinafter Vienna
Declaration]; United Nations, Econ. & Soc. Council, Comm. On Human Rights, The Limburg
Principles on the Implementation of the International Covenant on Economic Social and
Cultural Rights, ¶ 3, U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/1987/17 (Jan. 8, 1987) [hereinafter Limburg
Principles]; The Maastricht Guidelines on Violations of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights,
20 HUMAN RIGHTS QUARTERLY 691, 692 (1998) [hereinafter Maastricht Guidelines].